Majuli is the largest inhabited 452 sq. km, river island in Indian sub-continent, island is formed by the river Brahmaputra and its branch Kherkutia Xuti it is fed by river Subansiri, the changes in the river and its tributaries the it is formed,Majuli means the land between the two rivers. As per the historical records and events this island came into existence before 13th century.


Due to regular floods the major portion is wetland with many water bodies called the Beels, an inactiveriver name Luit bisects the island, fertile land is suitable for growing crops like Paddy, sugarcane, mustard, pulses, garlic, potatoes and jute. There are over 100 species of birds and fishes, over one and spices of butterflies and insects many reptiles and mammals. It is a bird watchers paradise. Majuli flaunts unparalleled scenic beauty. The island is a relaxed, carpet of glowing rice fields and water meadows bursting with flowers.


Majuli has been the cultural capital and the cradle of Assamese civilization for the past five hundred years despite the regular devastation, Majuli continues to be home to people and cultures that are quite unique. Island has been the hub of Assam Neo Vaishnavite culture since the 15th century, for which the foundation was laid by Srimanta Shankaradeva and his student Madhadeva. Many (Satras) were constructed out of them few are still surviving and preserving the colorful culture. These Satras have preserved the dance form, mask making and boat making, and regularly organizes the festivals where almost all people of Majuli are involved in something or the other.




Fishing

It has been the traditional occupation of a majority of tribes living here, there are over 100 different fishes are available in and around the island

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Weaving

It is important aspect of cultural life Majuli, every house irrespective of status has a loom. It is an ancient art and practiced by the ladies. The ladies starts setting the looms in the month of February and March when weaving of cotton cloths Ghamsa is done. It is a special piece of cloth which is presented to elders, guests and loved ones , in the hot and humid eason Chader and ribi gasheng is weaved .

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Mask Making

A traditional art and part of the Sattariya culture, at present the Nutan Chamagauri Satra is known world over in making exquisite masks, concept introduced by by Srishankardeva in 16th century to make and depict the characters of Sirimad Bhagwat Puraan to the devotees, masks are now made for religious as well commercial purposes.

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Pottery

It is a hereditary profession of Kumar community about five thousand in numbers spread over the South East part of island in villages of Salmora, Chinatoli and Dakshinpath , the unique art of making the pots by not using the potter's wheel this art was prevalent in Harrapa and Indus Valley civilization , the mud lump is given a shape by hand and adding mud layers a piece of wood.

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